The IPA is the major as well as the oldest representative organisation for phoneticians. It was established in 1886 in Paris. 

The aim of the IPA is to promote the scientific study of phonetics and the various practical applications of that science. 

In furtherance of this aim, the IPA provides the academic community world-wide with a notational standard for the phonetic representation of all languages - the International Phonetic Alphabet (also IPA).

The latest version of the IPA Alphabet was published in 1993 (updated in 1996).

IPA transcription systems for English

Journal of the International Phonetic Association 



International Society of Phonetic Sciences (ISPhS)

International Association for Forensic Phonetics (IAFPA)



World Wide Words.

Link to Prof. John Wells click here!  Professor J. Wells' page, J. Well's Blog


What is a Dictionary of Idioms?

Dialect of Chalkidiki, Greece



The 'Globish' Language

Breaking the Language Barrier

Greek as International Lingua Franca

Languages in Extinction

Is the English Language Changing

The Barriers to Educating Girls

English–the universal language

on the Internet ?

Language News

Indigo Children

International Phonetic Association  


Xenophon Zolotas on Economy

Links to the Linguistics

Translation Problems

Language and the Brain

Language and the Internet

Alexandria's New Library, Biblioteca Alexandrina

Greek Language Centre

Dyslexic Mind